2013 AMC 12 B #18

Barbara and Jenna play the following game, in which they take turns. A number of coins lie on a table. When it is Barbara’s turn, she must remove 2 or 4 coins, unless only one coin remains, in which case she loses her turn. When it is Jenna’s turn, she must remove 1 or 3 coins. A coin flip determines who goes first. Whoever removes the last coin wins the game. Assume both players use their best strategy. Who will win when the game starts with 2013 coins and when the game starts with 2014 coins?

2021 AIME #5

Call a three-term strictly increasing arithmetic sequence of integers special if the sum of the squares of the three terms equals the product of the middle term and the square of the common difference. Find the sum of the third terms of all special sequences.

2016 AIME I #14

Centered at each lattice point in the coordinate plane are a circle with radius 1/10 and a square with sides of length 1/5 whose sides are parallel to the coordinate axes. The line segment from (0,0) and (1001, 429) intersects m of the squares and n of the circles. Find m+n.